Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition by Bernard K. Means PDF

Archaeology

By Bernard K. Means

Between A.D. one thousand and 1635, the population of southwestern Pennsylvania and parts of adjoining states—known to archaeologists because the Monongahela tradition or Tradition—began to live usually in ring-shaped village settlements. those round settlements consisted of dwellings round a valuable plaza. A cross-cultural and cross-temporal overview of archaeological, ethnohistorical, and ethnographic circumstances demonstrates that this payment shape seemed many times and independently all over the world, together with all through parts of the jap Woodlands, one of the Plains Indians, and in primary and South America.

 

Specific archaeological instances are drawn from Somerset County, Pennsylvania, that has the biggest variety of thoroughly excavated Monongahela villages. almost all these villages, excavated within the Nineteen Thirties as federal reduction initiatives, have been lately dated. complete research of the broad excavations finds not just the geometric architectural patterning of the villages, yet permits an research of the social groupings, inhabitants estimates, and financial prestige of citizens who inhabited the round villages. round patterning might be published at much less absolutely excavated archaeological websites. targeted attempt excavations may help determine round village plans with no large and harmful excavations.

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Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition by Bernard K. Means


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